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Engineering, Oil and Gas

Oil Production and Processing Facilities




Introduction:

This course focuses on oil & gas production and subsequent treatment surface facility operations and processes. The course covers the entire oil & gas value chain from discovery, exploration, and transportation through to refining and finally sales to downstream industries. An overview and fundamental understanding of the wide range of oilfield production handling and treatment equipment will be presented as well as new technologies.

This course emphasizes oil and gas production facilities both onshore and offshore - from the wellhead to delivery of an on-specification crude oil to the refinery or natural gas to downstream users. Produced water treating facilities are introduced and discussed and includes coverage of water injection systems. In addition to the engineering aspects of oil production facilities, practical operating problems will also be covered, including treatment of emulsions, handling of sand, dealing with wax and asphaltenes, natural gas dehydration, and sweetening and refinery processing

Targeted Groups:

  • Chemical, Mechanical engineers and Process Technologists
  • Facility and Inspection engineers
  • Maintenance or Project Engineers
  • Operations and Laboratory Chemists
  • Technicians, Support Engineers, and Engineering Trainees
  • Consultants and Sales Professionals

Course Objectives:

At the end of this course the participants will be able to:

  • Learn the origins and chemical characteristics of Oil & Gas
  • Understand the challenges associated with offshore operations, horizontal drilling and other safety concerns
  • Familiarize the participants with various methods and techniques used to explore, drill, produce, treat and transport Oil, Gas and their products
  • Introduce the participants to upstream, midstream and downstream operations
  • Appreciate Oil & Natural Gas treatment technologies and processes including produced water treatment
  • Learn the many processes involved in crude oil refining and how these contribute to refinery complexity and profitability
  • Gain valuable knowledge of Gas Sweetening and Physical Solvents Unit Troubleshooting

Targeted Competencies:

  • Exploration activities
  • Gathering and separation
  • Gas injection
  • Hydrates, and Gas Dehydration
  • Specifications and process selection
  • Downstream Operations
  • Oil and Gas pricing

Course Content:
Unit 1: Introduction of Oil & Gas Production Life Cycle:

  • The nature and formation of fossil fuels and oil reserves
  • Basic petroleum geology- Where we find fossil fuels: Onshore/ offshore
  • Type of wells and Reservoir types
  • Exploration activities:
    • Exploration well
    • Directional Drilling
    • Drilling Offshore
    • Well Testing & Completion
    • Well Stimulation & Workover

Unit 2: Functions Related to Oil & Gas Operations:

  • The chemistry of fossil fuels and petroleum
  • Physical properties of hydrocarbons
  • Oil & Gas Gathering and separation
  • On-site surface processing,
  • Produced Water Generation and Management Practices
  • Dew Point Control/Liquids Recovery
  • Acid gas injection
  • Oil Recovery Methods

Unit 3: Chemical Reaction Processes:

  • Types of Contaminants and General Safety Considerations
  • Specifications and process selection criteria
  • Hydrates, and Gas Dehydration
  • Chemistry of Amine Gas Sweetening
  • Alkanolamine Processes Selection and Classification
  • Selection Criteria for Acid Gas Removal Systems
  • Process Flow Schemes
  • General Design Criteria / Guidelines
  • General Operating Problems in Amine Processes

Unit 4: Common Process Being Used In Gas Plant Industries:

  • Physical processes: Selexol, Fluor, Rectisol, Purisol
  • Alkaline Salt Processes: Hot Potassium Carbonate Plants – Benfield, Catacarb
  • Combination Processes: Sulfinyl, HiPure
  • Batch Processes: Chemsweet, Sulfa-Check, SulfaTreat, Puraspec, Molecular Sieve
  • Iron Chelate Processes: LO-CAT, SulFerox
  • Liquid Hydrocarbon Treating: Regenerated Caustic, Perco Solid Copper Chloride, Molecular Sieve, Merox

Unit 5: Downstream Operations:

  • Oil & Gas Downstream Operations
  • Oil Storage & Transportation
  • Crude oil Treatment & Processing
  • Refinery Operations & Products
  • Petrochemical Industry
  • Oil and Gas pricing
  • Energy Types, World Energy Review & Global Statistics