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Engineering, Oil and Gas

Fundamentals of Process Technology




Introduction:

Process engineering is at the heart of much of the chemical, oil, gas, and petrochemical industries. It requires familiarity not only with chemical engineering principles but also with many of the other engineering disciplines including mechanical, electrical, and instrumentation. The process engineer is interested in the transportation and transformation of solids, liquids, and gases. Of specific importance are separation processes including distillation, heat transfer, hydraulics and fluid flow, reaction engineering, but also process control and economics.

Targeted Groups:

  • Petroleum Engineers
  • Maintenance & Production Engineers
  • Process Engineers
  • R&D Chemists, Plant Chemists
  • Economists & Business Managers

Course Objectives:

At the end of this course the participants will be able to:

  • Understand the fundamental principles used in processes and facilities
  • Apply practical understanding of hydraulics and fluid flow
  • Apply learning from historical safety incidents
  • Perform relevant calculations & analyses to assist in operation, sizing & troubleshooting
  • Develop perspective & focus from a company viewpoint of the interaction of different engineering disciplines

Targeted Competencies:

  • Practical understanding of essential process units and classes of units involved in separations
  • Heat exchange, and reactions
  • Hydraulics and fluid flow
  • Support in operation, sizing, and troubleshooting

Course Content:

Unit 1: Introduction and Fundamentals of Process Engineering:

  • Process engineering basics
  • Mass and energy balances
  • Batch and continuous processes
  • Reactor types
  • Process equipment and flow diagrams
  • P&IDs
  • Flammability
  • Electrical area classification
  • Risk Management and Hazard Studies
  • Hydraulics and Fluid flow
  • Pressure and head
  • Bernoulli's theorem and its field applications
  • Flow of liquids
  • Reynolds number and pressure drop in pipes
  • Two-phase and multi-phase flow
  • Enthalpy and thermodynamics
  • Principle of process relief devices and process design of relief systems
  • Principles of pressure vessel and piping design
  • Pumps
  • Compressors
  • Mixers
  • Mechanical Equipment - Types and application guidelines

Unit 2: Heat Transfer and Reaction Engineering:

  • Heat Transfer
  • Thermal conductivity
  • Conduction and convection
  • Insulation
  • Heat transfer coefficients and calculation
  • Heat exchangers, type and sizing
  • Steam reboilers
  • Condensers and sub-cooling
  • Introduction to energy recovery
  • Catalysis and Reaction Engineering
  • Chemical reactions
  • Reaction kinetics
  • Introduction catalysis
  • Green Chemistry and Engineering
  • Reactor Design and Operation

Unit 3: Distillation Processes and Equipment:

  • Distillation basics
  • Phase behavior and vapor/liquid equilibria
  • Gas/Liquid separation
  • Distillation equipment - Columns and vessels
  • Columns and vessels - Sizing and selection guidelines
  • Column and vessel internals - Types and selection guidelines
  • Troubleshooting of process equipment

Unit 4: Separation Processes and Equipment:

  • Overview of Other Separation Processes
  • Absorption and adsorption
  • Amine sweetening
  • Solid Liquid separation
  • Effluent treatment [in refinery and petrochemical] industries

Unit 5: Process Control and Economics:

  • Process Control Basics
  • Classification of control systems
  • Measured variables
  • Simple feedback control
  • Process Economics
  • Preliminary economic analysis
  • Fixed and variable costs, break-even analysis
  • Calculating raw materials usage
  • Estimating the cost of process equipment and plants